Turk Broda

Regarded as perhaps the best clutch goaltender of all time, Walter "Turk" Broda was "Mr. Maple Leaf" for 16 seasons, with two years lost to Canadian armed forces duty in World War II.

Broda’s rise to the top was completely unexpected. He was a pudgy fellow and a poor skater, yet he contained an incredible enthusiasm for playing hockey. As a boy he was always stuck in net because of his poor skating. Although he wasn’t overly refined, he stuck with the game admirably.

Broda played his early hockey back home in Manitoba for the Brandon Athletics and Brandon Native Sons. He even got the Native Sons to the Abbott Cup final but lost to the Regina Pats. After stints with Winnipeg Monarchs, St. Michael Majors (he was the practice goalie when they won the Memorial Cup in 1934) and Detroit Farm Crest, he was given a shot at the NHL by the Detroit Red Wings. Turk had introduced himself to the Red Wings during an exhibition tour which brought the NHL stars to Winnipeg. A naïve but determined Broda only wanted to meet some of his NHL heroes. In addition he was given a training camp try out offer.

With John Ross Roach and Normie Smith already in Detroit at the time, there was no chance Broda would start in the NHL, so he started his pro career in the International Hockey League with the champion Detroit Olympics in 1934. Broda was an immediate hit in the IAHL and led the league in both wins and goals against average, both in the regular season and in the playoffs.

Suddenly the pudgy goalie from Winnipeg was one of the most sought after commodities in the game. He was ultimately sold to the Maple Leafs in 1936 for the then steep price of $8000! It was money well spent by the Leafs, as he became the first, and arguably the greatest Toronto Maple Leaf puck stopper of all time.

Broda quickly proved he belonged in the NHL, but by the beginning of the 1940s he was emerging as the league’s best. He led all goaltenders with 28 wins in 48 games in 1940-41 – the same year he captured his first Vezina trophy. In 1941-42 he followed that up with his first Stanley Cup. It wasn’t a likely Cup victory either. Down three games to none and on the verge of defeat in the finals against Detroit, the Leafs, thanks in large part to the great goaltending of Broda, stormed back and unthinkably won 4 straight games to capture the championship!

Broda’s reign as the top goalie in the league was put on hold in 1943 when he spent 2 and ½ years in the military during World War II. He would return late in the 1945-46 season.

Broda’s second tour of duty with the Leafs proved to be more successful than the first. The Leafs emerged as one of the greatest teams of all time. Broda would be the puck stopper in each of the Leafs Stanley Cup wins in 1947, 1948, 1949 and 1951. He was very good during those regular seasons, but come playoff time he somehow was able to take his game to a new level – he led the entire league in wins and shutouts in each of those Stanley Cup years, and in goals against average in 3 of the 4.

Broda's own explanation for his playoff success was simple.

"The bonus money for winning wasn't much but I always needed it," he said. "Or maybe I was just too dumb to know the situation was serious."

In that comment you can see Broda lived up to the standards of the stereotypical goaltender – a touch on the crazy side. Mind you goalies back then stopped fast flying rubber bullets with his maskless face for a living, so his craziness can be somewhat understood.

One of the most famous and publicized incidents in Turk's career was his constant "Battle of the Bulge." The often witty though short-tempered Turk had the Toronto media press' attention as he and Leaf boss Conn Smythe constantly battled over Turk's playing weight.

Smythe once ordered Turk to cut his grocery intake enough to lose some weight. He wanted Broda to play at 190lbs, down from 197. Smythe then brought up minor leaguer Gilles Mayer and brought Al Rollins from Cleveland Barons (AHL). The Toronto press had a field day and called the goaltending trio "The Long" (Al Rollins 6'2"), "The Short" (Gilles Mayer 5'6") and "The Fat" (Turk Broda).

The whole event turned into fantastic publicity stunt, with Broda leading the way. The press knew all about his diet of grapefruit and soft boiled eggs. And of course the press was there when Turk tipped the scales at 190lbs before game day. It was front page news!

Smythe, of course, was delighted with the result. One legend has that Smythe offered him a special reward.

"There's no greater sportsman than the Turkey," Smythe crowed. "If the Rangers score on him tonight, I'll go out and get him a malted milk, just to show that I'm not trying to starve him to death."

Final score: Toronto 2 - New York Rangers 0
Broda's career statistics are amazing: over 300 wins, (in an era when seasons were only 48-60 games long) 62 shutouts, and a lifetime GAA of 2.53. He won or shared 3 Vezina trophies back when the award was given to the goalie with the fewest goals against – a truly amazing accomplishment considering the Leafs of the 1940s were known more for their offensive production than for their defensive awareness.

It was in the playoffs where Turk's star shone the brightest. With 5 Stanley Cup rings, he is without doubt one of if not the greatest money goalies of all time. With 13 more playoff shutouts and GAA under 2.00, Turk Broda was simply a phenomenal post-season puck stopper, which was necessary for the Leafs dynastic teams of the 1940s.

Turk retired in 1952 as he approached the age of 38. He became a junior coach and led the Toronto Marlboros to back to back Memorial Cup championships in 1955-56. He would be welcomed into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1967, but passed away just 7 years later at the early age of 58.


Anonymous,  3:55 PM  

My Dad grew up in Toronto, and played hockey for the U of Toronto. My parents moved to Hawaii in 65', so I was born in the islands. Needless to say, hockey wasn't really that big in Hawaii in the 70's and 80's. But, my Dad had a book, I believe it was called The Complete Encyclopedia of Hockey. I used to read that book, amazed at the guts these guys had for playing such a crazy sport, with no real protection.
I remember many names from that book, but the two I remember the most are Maurice 'The Rocket' Richard(sp?) and Turk Broda. I grew up playing sports, mostly in the goal. Turk Broda was my inspiration, although soccer and waterpolo aren't hockey, I still found myself drawing strength from examples of Turk's obvious hard core attitude in this book.
Great article and thanks for the memories.

Unknown 11:00 AM  

My grandmother was Turks cousin. My dad told me of going to see him play at the Stadium in Chicago. My dad would be in the locker room at the end of the game and there would be shots lined up on the bench for the Turk. I guess you would need that at the end of the game back then. My dads parents are from Brandon also.

BERNIE,  10:26 AM  


Donald,  4:48 PM  

I just met Turks great nephews at a rock concert in Toronto! They were actually the band I went to see, however I didnt know the relation.

Great band! Talent runs in that family for sure.
Check them out and see the Broda name live on!


Greatest Goaltender for the Leafs ever.

Tasha B.,  9:01 PM  

That's my papoo's (my grandpa) uncle. so my papoo's mothers brother. I never knew bout him till a few years ago. I apologize to the hockey fans of his that I didn't know who he was. Buut he seems pretty awesome!

Darlene M. 8:02 PM  

Did Turk have any family or children?

Anonymous,  9:23 AM  

Turk Broda, the greatest. 1940's.,  5:40 PM  

Turk had three daughters, Barbara, Betty and Bonnie. I went to school with Bonnie and Betty and the best parties were held at their home. Turk's memorabilia was in their rec room and most of us wanted to check it out. Barb M.

jackb 8:28 PM  

while growing up as a young boy in Victoria BC. I remember being glued to Foster Hewitt on the radio every Saturday evening and cheering for the Leafs and Turk. Very good childhood memories Jack

Anonymous,  6:00 PM  

Getting Broda on my Leaf sweater this year

Don Tushingham,  4:15 PM  

No doubt in my mind he was the best the Maple leafs ever had, just compare his record to any other goalie that has ever played for the Blue and White. Nobody even close to his record. It is too bad the younger Maple Leaf fans did not have the opportunity to see him play. The older ones will remember him as the great one, as far as goalies go. Not only was he a fine gentleman he always had time for the kids. Hard to believe any "Coach" placed more players into the NHL when he coached the Marlies from 55 to 57 with two national championships. To name a few Baun, Pulford, Harris, Nevin and many many more. He also had a hand in the success of London Knights and Darryl Sittler as the coach of the Knights. If he is not one of the Toronto Maple Leafs Legends it would be a real tradety...he truly has a record that may never be broken.


roly armitage,  5:56 AM  

when Richard scored all those goals in 1944 everyone including TERK was overseas in the army and all the good goal keepers were fighting a war to defend our canadian principles

Herder of Sheep 1:12 PM  

When Turk was 18 he played with the 1933 Relief Camp All Stars in Riding Mountain National Park, Manitoba. We recreated the jerseys and socks and held a Heritage Hockey game on Clear Lake in Feb 2017 to honour and celebrate the camp workers and the hockey players.

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